Indian Railways aspires to be the world’s most environmentally friendly railway network, with the goal of becoming a “net-zero carbon emitter” by 2030. Working towards it since 2014, Indian Railways has implemented a number of measures to reduce pollution levels, which have increased tenfold.
Aside from that, the national transporter intends to electrify all balanced Broad Gauge (BG) routes on the Indian Railways network by December 2023 in order to achieve 100 percent electrification of BG routes.
Several steps have been taken by Indian Railways toward pollution-free modernization:
For environmental protection, Indian Railways has developed Head-On-Generation systems, Bio-Toilets and LED lights, automatic coach washing plants, water conservation, and solar powered stations.
Dedicated Freight Corridors (Eastern and Western DFC) are being built as a low-carbon green transportation network.
In July 2016, Indian Railways signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) to facilitate Green initiatives on the Indian Railways network. Until now, 39 Workshops, eight Loco Sheds, seven Production Units, and one Stores depot have been certified as ‘GreenCo.’
In addition, 19 stations have received Green Certification, including three Platinum, six Gold, and six Silver ratings.
According to the Railway Ministry, the national transporter has incorporated climate change considerations into its risk assessments and disaster management protocols.